whether you are training for your health or playing a sport, there is always a high chance of you getting injured. There are various different types of sports injuries, but there are certain parts of the body that are more prone to damage than others.
The top 10 sports in the U.S. include activities like baseball, football, basketball and mixed martial arts. Here is a list of the most common sports injuries:
The Achilles tendon – the tendon at the back of the ankle – when overused, can cause inflammation and pain, which is known as acute Achilles tendinitis. If this condition is left without being treated, it can become chronic and the injury can worsen until it becomes impossible to run. Runners and athletes who participate in sports that involve running or jumping are more prone to suffering from Achilles tendinitis.
Hip Flexor Strain
The group of muscles that help with the upward movement of your leg or knee is called the hip flexor. When these muscles are torn or stretched too far, an injury is caused. This can occur due to reasons such as weak muscles, forgetting to warm up, having stiff muscles or from fall. Symptoms such as pain, spasms, bruising and swelling can be expected when the hip meets the leg. A minor hip flexor can be treated at home with rest, ice and painkillers that include anti-inflammatory medication.
The athletes that face hip flexor problems play sports that have sudden upward movements or changes in direction like martial arts, football, soccer and hockey.
The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL connects the leg bone to the knee. A hard impact to the side of the knee or the act of suddenly stopping and changing direction can cause a strain or tear of the ACL. This is one of the most severe sports injury, but not the most common. When the ligament is completely torn, it will require surgery and can cut an athlete’s career short.
A concussion is an injury to the brain that is usually caused as a result of a blow to the head. While not all concussions result in loss of consciousness, they often include nausea, difficulty concentrating, loss of balance, amnesia, dizziness, disorientation, headaches and other symptoms. Concussions are most common in athletes who play contact sports such as football, boxing, hockey, and soccer. However, they are also caused in sports like skiing and gymnastics.
A minor concussion will take about two weeks to a month to heal, which can be accomplished by resting. Acetaminophen can be used to subdue the headaches associated with concussions. Receiving multiple concussions can cause permanent damage to the brain. Suffering another concussion before the first one heals can result in a fatal condition called the second-impact syndrome.
The inner thigh muscle is also called the groin. These muscles in the groin are situated like a fan and are used to help pull legs together. The groin gets pulled when you suddenly change directions while running, such as in soccer, hockey, basketball, racket sports, football and volleyball.
A groin pull can cause bruising on the inside of the thigh and can take one to two weeks to heal with compression, ice and lots of rest.
Shin splints is the pain on the inner side of the shinbone caused by the inflammation of the muscles that surround it. It mostly happens to runners but can also occur in people who aren’t used to exercising or who have increased their exercise intensity too quickly. It can also be as a result of a stress fracture in the bone. Minor shin splinters can be cured with adequate rest and over-the-counter pain medication.
Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain, or sciatica, reaches down into the legs and can affect athletes who participate in cycling, running, golf, tennis and baseball. Bulging discs and back spasms are often the other types of lower back pain that athletes often suffer from. Sciatica is mostly caused by improper stretching, but runners can also experience it if they have one leg that is slightly longer than the other.
A strain refers to an injury of a muscle or tendon. The hamstring is made up of three muscles behind the knee and they most often get ‘pulled’ when an athlete is overusing or overstretching the muscle. A severe pain is caused due to the tears in the muscles or tendons. A pulled hamstring can also cause bruising sometimes. Forgetting to warm-up and lack of flexibility can lead to pulled muscles, especially in the hamstring. One way to ensure you prevent an injury to your hamstrings is by learning to stop when you are tired. When you have fatigued your muscles, the mechanism to protect it stops working.
Tennis or Golf Elbow
Elbow injuries account for 7% of all sports injuries. It is also called epicondylitis. The tennis elbow is caused by the repetitive use of the elbow. It creates tiny tears in the elbow’s ligaments and usually affects the inside of the elbow, although it can sometimes attack the outside. Inflammation of the epicondyle – the area on the inside of the elbow where the forearm-flexing muscles attach to the upper arm – causes severe pain.
Around 20% of all sports injuries are shoulder injuries, including dislocations, sprains and strains. It is most common in athletes who play tennis, swim, weight lift, baseball and volleyball – basically any kind of sport that involves a lot of overhead movement. It is usually caused by overuse, which loosens the rotator cuff – the group of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder. Some of the symptoms include pain, stiffness and weakness.
Knee injuries comprise 55% of all sports injuries. Patellofemoral syndrome or knee injuries are caused by the kneecap repeatedly moving against the leg bone. This movement causes damage to the kneecap’s tissues and causes pain. Runners are not the only victims of this injury since it can also occur in swimmers, cyclists, acrobats, and football, basketball and volleyball players. It can take close to 6 weeks for this injury to heal.
Preventing certain sports injuries is sometimes beyond our control, but many times, sports injuries are preventable. Every workout and sport must be kicked off with a gentle warm-up to prevent any such injuries. We would love to hear your views and opinions on the subject, so do feel free to drop us a comment below.
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