The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, the group in charge of the investigation of Lance Armstrong and the various doping allegations, released a 150+ page file which includes the names of those who testified against Armstrong. Among those names were 11 of Armstrong’s teammates on the US cycling team. USADA chief executive Travis Tygart called it “the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen.”
The report details the methods in which the drugs were delivered and administered to Armstrong and the team. Armstrong continues to deny that he is guilty of any sort of cheating. Armstrong, in the midst of his stretch of victories, was quoted as saying “We had one goal and one ambition and that was to win the greatest bike race in the world and not just to win it once, but to keep winning it.” The USADA, however, says that Armstrong and his teammates used methods that were far outside the rules, in order to achieve their goal of winning races.
“Today is a big step for the future of our sport,” said Tyler Hamilton, Armstrong’s teammate from 1999-2001. “Those of us who came forward and spoke openly with USADA have a responsibility to demand change and play a serious role in the solution process. There is no need to run from the truth anymore. Writing it off as ‘the past’ won’t work. We have to be willing to go further and accept that there is a lot more to be done.”
The report, which can be read in its entirety here, covers various incidents and statements dating back to 2009:
- Multiple examples of Armstrong using the blood-boosting hormone EPO, citing the “clear finding” of EPO in six blood samples from the 1999 Tour de France that were retested. UCI concluded those samples were mishandled and couldn’t be used to prove anything. In bringing up the samples, USADA said it considers them corroborating evidence that isn’t necessary given the testimony of its witnesses.
- Testimony from Hamilton, Landis and Hincapie, all of whom say they received EPO from Armstrong.
- Evidence of the pressure Armstrong put on the riders to go along with the doping program. “The conversation left me with no question that I was in the doghouse and that the only way forward with Armstrong’s team was to get fully on Dr. Ferrari’s doping program,” Vande Velde said in his testimony.
- What Vaughters called “an outstanding early warning system regarding drug tests.” One example came in 2000, when Hincapie found out there were drug testers at the hotel where Armstrong’s team was staying. Aware Armstrong had taken testosterone before the race, Hincapie alerted him and Armstrong dropped out of the race to avoid being tested, the report said.
Though she didn’t testify, Armstrong’s ex-wife, Kristin, is mentioned 30 times in the report.
In one episode, Armstrong asks her to wrap banned cortisone pills in tin foil to hand out to his teammates.
“Kristin obliged Armstrong’s request by wrapping the pills and handing them to the riders. One of the riders remarked, ‘Lance’s wife is rolling joints,” the report read.